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Here Are Some Specific Ways To Prepare You Will Need Be Able To Discuss The Edga

Here are some specific ways to prepare: 

You will need be able to discuss the Edgar Allan Poe stories and the Arthur Conan Doyle stories as the Classical Formula. 

You will need to know what the Classical formula involves.

You will need to be able to discuss the character types in the Classical Formula.

You will need to know the characteristics of the Golden Age mystery, how it differs from the Classical formula, and how Murder on the Orient Express shows the elements of it. 

You will need to know about the changes in English society in the 1920s (the Golden Age) and point out how it is reflected in Murder on the Orient Express.

You will need to know how the Victorian Age literature reflects the Victorian Age.

You will need to know what Classical Hollywood style is (developed nearly a century ago) and how the contemporary Sherlock Holmes films still utilize these techniques. 

You’ll need to know several specific film techniques and explain how they are used and make meaning in these films. 


Poe’s stories tend to delve very deep into the dark and ugly side of human mind, and the deeper it gets, the more bizarre the story becomes. In Murders in the Rue Morgue, several images in the murder scene have given off a very obnoxious atmosphere to the story. Why? Because Poe has a very unique way of guiding us through what is happening; as if he is holding a camera and recording what he thinks is necessary to be seen. At the beginning, the narrator says that “Dupin was a lover of the night”, foreshadowing the darkness that will follow along. As the the story proceeds, “above the fireplace they found the dead body of the daughter; it had been put up into the opening where the smoke escapes to the sky” demonstrates a very ruthless murder method, aiming to frighten the readers. Later on when the second corpse is discovered, “her neck was almost cut through” intensifies the gruesomeness even more. The most important of all is the setting of Rue Morgues in Paris, the unreal world Poe created to add another strange and mysterious feeling to the story. 

Falling action attempts to reconcile the differences created between the protagonist and the antagonists. The story begins by creating a conflict when letter, (containing sensitive information) is stolen from the boudoir of an unidentified woman by the unscrupulous Minister. There are serious conflicts while attempting to identify the thief and the contents of the letter. The conflict is brought to a falling action when Dupin explains that he arranged the gunshot distraction and that he left a duplicate letter to ensure his ability to leave the hotel without drawing suspicion from the minister.

Falling action is evident in Purloined Letter since as the story progresses; we are gradually introduced to conflict resolution efforts that aim at lessening the tension that had been created by the disappearance of the letter. For instance when Dupin is questioned about his visit at the hotel, he says that he had visited the minister at his hotel complaining of weak eyes that forced him to wear a pair of green spectacles, the true purpose of the action was to disguise his eyes as he searched for the letter. We also see Dupin explaining at the near end, that the gunshot distraction was arranged by him and that he left a duplicate letter to ensure his ability to leave the hotel without the minister suspecting him. The two incidences illustrates the falling action element of fiction for they gradually start explaining the mysterious disappearance of the letter and the reasons certain characters such as Dupin were behaving the way they were doing.

Sherlock homles 

It is truly amazing how big of a fictional character Sherlock Holmes has become in literature. People loved him, and still do, even more so than his creator Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. While this seems a little too much to say, it was not Conan Doyle who brought fame to Holmes, but the other way around. Being “born” into an era where crimes were lurking in every corner of London streets, he could not have avoided the fame. People needed someone like him, a man who was as imperfect as all others but had the ability to bring justice to the world with his brilliant insight. And because Holmes was so loveable, I think Conan Doyle should also bear the same amount of love as well as respect. Before digging into Sherlock Holmes materials, I did not know that Conan Doyle had to bring Holmes back after he ended his life in The Final Problem. Often time when a fictional character becomes too popular, authors tend to have hard time putting an end to the story partly because of public objection, which is totally understandable. However, while it seems so hard to the readers and publishers, even when the rumors of him getting sick of Holmes was real, I do believe it is ten times harder to the author himself. After all, they had been together since day one. Without Conan Doyle, there would be no Sherlock Holmes. Therefore, when he decided to put an end to it, that should really have been the end.

By the year 1891, Sherlock Holmes had become a person who appealed to English readers with the aid of confronting the conventional world they lived in. As opposed to dwelling in romance or in an idealized era, as most of Arthur Conan Doyle’s different characters did, Holmes became grounded squarely in Victorian London. The Sherlock Holmes thriller testimonies, written over a four decade span from 1887 to 1927, represented the best, the awful, and the unpleasant intrigues of the Victorian society: its ideals, its accomplishments, and its inner most fears.

Arthur Conan Doyle’s fame and appreciation fell within queen Victoria’s sixty reign, a time of remarkable growth and optimism for the British Empire. Resources and exertions taken from colonies texts had made England prosper, and the time of significant independence struggles lay in the remote destiny. Commercial enterprise flourished, generation blossomed, and London grew at a exceptional rate . The contrasts and conundrums of this fascinating time furnished Conan Doyle with the uncooked cloth and the backdrop for Sherlock Holmes: an elite of technology, underacted by way of the gentler passions, who moved effortlessly through the disquieting urban area, using his wits to solve its moral and practical dilemmas.

Physically, London can be an area of disturbing contrasts, a worldly metropolis in which the middle magnificence drank tea in comfy drawing rooms even as epidemics of typhoid and cholera ravaged the squalid, overpopulated East end. The putrid Thames River, the metropolis’s main supply of consuming water, notwithstanding the community of open sewers that dumped heaps of waste into it each day, carried a reeking cloud of contagion to all tiers of society as it meandered via the coronary heart of the city. On the grounds that 1844, the government had struggled with various answers to the sewage trouble. In 1858, the year before Conan Doyle was born, the “extraordinary Stink,” caused by the unlucky outcomes of a warm summer time on a slow, polluted river, clotted with stable waste, drove lots out of the town. This of course is no longer an issue in London; it has a very advanced sewage system that handles the above average rainfalls occurring throughout the year and more so during winter

Murder on the Orient Express 

From the novel Poirot describes the English as very amusing “ I like to see an angry Englishman” said Poirot “ they are hilarious. They are emotional they feel the less command they have of language.” This depicts the English as people who are controlled by emotions rather than logical reasoning. Both Hardman and Mrs. Hubbard use improper dialect, they are somewhat obnoxious and think their country is the best, i.e., the Americans.

In the first two section of the book the passenger’s identity is assumed to be correct, but later on, in the third part of the book, the real identities of the passengers are revealed. The idea behind doing so is to add to the motifs of surprise in the book. There is diversity in the train of culture as people are from different nationalities. In chapter 3 m about is quoted saying “ all around us are people, of all classes, of all nationalities, of all ages. Te quote also foreshadows the ending of the novel and acts as an important clue in the case. The quote serves as evidence because it reveals a possible relationship or origin of the passengers. From the novel, therefore, we can say that people can be brought together by a common motif just like the Armstrong family, they came together for three days to seek revenge however they will part in London and probably not see each other again.

The novel murder on the orient express fall in the golden age era because crime is mentioned in early part of the story, but must not anyone whose thinks the reader has known. Murder on the orient express is predicated on an actual event, in this case the Lindbergh kidnapping. And as Christie Agatha say “the impossible could not have happened, therefore the impossible must be possible in spite of appearances” everyone one at the end of the novel is surprised as things come to turn out and as the truth unfolds about the abduction of  Lindbergh.

The novel put emphasis on the working class. It also describes the lives of leisure class, rich tourist. Agatha tried to script the lifestyles of the coffee bar beat generation kids, but with less success.

The customs used when Sherlock Holmes visits Dir. Watson family is significant. The customs worn by both me Watson and her wife and the environment they are in is used is show how the characters in the movie hide their characters and lives when committing criminal activities.  We see later in the same scene that the doctor and Mr. Watson go to Watson room and they start discussing politics and power with changed costumes. He had used the first scene to hide his true character and lifestyle. In the first part of the scene we also see Holmes had dressed life an old civilized man when he was escorting the lady for people and criminals not to identify him .he had also worn a weave on his head for an old man but he was still recognized. The scene is used to show how private detectives work. The lighting used also in scene one is very significant. During the escort there is a bright and colorful light which brings about the mood of cheerfulness in the film. Also when Holmes visits victoria, the lightening in the scene is dull. The dark colors suggest the sinister nature of both characters as well as sets the mood for the dark plots. The lights prepare us for the next action which is violence that takes place. The sound of the play in this scene also prepares us for what is about to happen there violence that is about to take place. Also in the first part of the play when Holmes is attacked the sound of the movie also prepares the audience as it puts everyone in a moment of suspense as we do not know what will take place. The sound that proceeds before the attack in the train also keeps the audience and the viewers in a mode of suspense. 

The classical formula is used in detective fictional stories by Edgar Allan Poe and Sir ArthurConan Doyle. The detectives were Dupin and Sherlock Holmes. Poe is considered the father ofthe…


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